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Ars Pharmaceutica (Internet)

On-line version ISSN 2340-9894

Abstract

DOMINGO-CHIVA, Esther et al. Multidisciplinary team of critically ill patient care: What is the contribution of the pharmacist?. Ars Pharm [online]. 2018, vol.59, n.3, pp.153-161.  Epub Oct 19, 2020. ISSN 2340-9894.  http://dx.doi.org/10.30827/ars.v59i3.7584.

Background and objective:

The severity and instability of the patients, together with the high degree of complexity of the medication, make the intensive care units (ICU) a critical area of problems related to medication. The aim of our study was to analyze and assess the activity performed by the clinical pharmacist integrated in an ICU and to know the opinion of the staff about it.

Material and method:

A 42 month descriptive and prospective study was conducted. The pharmacist was integrated into the daily activity of the multidisciplinary team of a 12-bed ICU belonging to the Anaesthesiology and Resuscitation Department. Every pharmacotherapeutic intervention (PI) carried out, the degree of acceptance, the method of communication and the receiver of the intervention, as well as the clinical evaluation of the accepted interventions were recorded. Subsequently, a survey was carried out to the staff of the unit on the patient´s safety and the influence of the integration of the pharmacist in the unit.

Results:

A total of 2399 PIs were carried out with a 97.0% of acceptance. Of these, most were those related to posology (37.8%) and consultations with the pharmacist (25.7%). Among the accepted PIs, 53.7% had an influence on the efficacy of drug therapy, and 35.1% on treatment tolerance. In the survey to the unit´s staff in order to assess the perception of the pharmacist´s integration, an overall assessment of 8.58 ± 1.40 out of 10 was obtained.

Conclusions:

The hospital pharmacist integrated in the ICU multidisciplinary team can add value to the pharmacotherapeutic process of the critical patient.

Keywords : Pharmacists; intensive care units; patient care team; critical care; critical illness.

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