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Ars Pharmaceutica (Internet)

On-line version ISSN 2340-9894


NUNEZ-VALDES, Juan; VENEGAS-FITO, Cecilio José  and  RAMOS-CARRILLO, Antonio. The first Andalusian pharmaceutical woman. Ars Pharm [online]. 2019, vol.60, n.3, pp.147-151.  Epub Mar 09, 2020. ISSN 2340-9894.


With the aim of doing her figure most well-known for the society, the biography of Gertrudis Martínez Otero is presented. She was a native of Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Cádiz), who has the honor of being, apart from one of the first female students at the University of Granada, the first woman licensed in Pharmacy by that university, which allowed her to become the first Andalusian apothecary and the third in Spain, besides being the first woman in the province of Cadiz to go to the university.

Material and methods:

The methodology followed has consisted in complementing with our own research some biographical aspects that are not found in the already known archival references of the personal expedient of Gertrudis Martínez Otero in the University of Granada or in other biographies of hers already published. The sources managed have been mainly private conversations with both current neighbors of the town of Sanlúcar de Barrameda that maintain a certain neighborhood relationship with relatives and descendants of her and with one of her biographers, who has provided us with new data from Gertrudis from further research.


As a result of the study, the existing biographies of Gertrudis Martínez Otero are completed with original data, which allows to establish a before and an after of the History and Pharmacy in Andalusia, due to that Gertrudis was the first woman who worked as a pharmacist in that autonomous community, after the end of her studies at the University of Granada.

Keywords : Spanish pharmaceutical women; First Spanish graduates in Pharmacy; First Andalusian pharmaceutical woman; Gertrudis Martínez Otero.

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