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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Nutr. Hosp. vol.25 no.2  mar./abr. 2010

 

CARTAS CIENTÍFICAS

 

Evolution of mesenteric artery blood flow in healthy premature neonates

Evolución del flujo de sangre de la arteria mesentérica en recién nacidos prematuros saludables

 

 

Correspondence

 

 

This study aims to analyze the superior artery blood flow in healthy premature neonates with birth weight between 1,000 g and 1,500 g, on the first and seventh days of live.

It is a prospective cohort study, including 15 premature neonates with mean weight of 1,243g ± 173.6 (ranging from 1,000 to 1,495 g). Exclusion criteria were: unstable hemodynamic conditions; assisted ventilation with high parameters; large deformations or clinical syndromes; feeding intolerance; necrotizing enterocolitis; and conditions those alter the mesenteric flow: phototherapy, umbilical catheters, patient ductus arteriosus and sepsis.

The Doppler velocimetric examination was done by a 8 MHz imaging transducer, and the pulsed color Doppler readings were obtained by sonographic waves at 4 MHz. The neonate was kept in a supine position, with the transducer positioned in the epigastric region, immediately below the xyphoid appendix, obtaining two dimensional images of the celiac trunk and of the superior mesenteric artery, a few millimeters after its emergence from the aorta in the sagital plane.

The flux measurements were obtained in the longitudinal direction of the vessel and at an isonation angle between 0 and 20 degrees. The blood flow curves were recorded after a sequence of five stable measurements, with respect to the quality of the waves, and their audible characteristics. The following measurements were obtained: Peak Systolic Velocity (PSV), End Diastolic Velocity (EDV), Resistance Index (RI), and Pulsatility Index (PI).

The values obtained were expressed in means and standard deviations. The measurements were done prior to feeding (up to 30 minutes) and after feeding (between 15 and 60 minutes). The measurements were done on the first day (between the 6th and the 24th hours of life), and on the 7th day of life. The comparison of means and standard deviations was carried out by ANOVA.

Table I lists the values of RI, PI, PVS, and EDV, prior and after feeding, on the first and 7th days of life, in means and standard deviations.

 

 

In conclusion, these studied neonates showed a significant evolution of the blood flow of superior mesenteric artery on the 7th day of life, represented by the Peak Systolic Velocity and the End Diastolic Velocity improve, and a better vasodilatation response after feeding.

These results suggest for the Doppler velocimetry as a specific evaluation method for feeding introduction and progression, in order to reduce the prevalence of gastrointestinal inflammatory diseases in neonates, and to improve the neonatal survive1-5.

 

C. Yin Chia1,2, M. Cícero Falcão1, J. E. Bueno Cabral2, L. G. de Carvalho Hartmann2 and M. de Melo Galvão Filho2
1Departamento de Pediatría da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. São Paulo. Brasil.
2Servico de Neonatologia do Hospital e Maternidade São Luiz. São Paulo. Brasil.

 

References

1. Bhatt AB, Tank PD, Barmade KB, Damania KR. Abnormal doppler flow velocimetry in the growth restricted foetus as a predictor for necrotizing enterocolitis. J Postgrad Med 2002; 48: 182-5.        [ Links ]

2. Fang S, Kempley ST, Gamsu HR. Prediction of early tolerance to enteral feeding in preterm infants by measurement of superior mesenteric artery blood flow velocity. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal 2001; 85: F42-F45.        [ Links ]

3. Robel-Tilling E, Knupfer M, Pulzer F, Vogtmann C. Blood flow parameters of the superior mesenteric artery as an early predictor of intestinal dysmotility in preterm infants. Pediatr Radiol 2004; 34: 958-62.        [ Links ]

4. Pezzati M, Dani C, Tronchin M, Fillipi L, Rossi S, Rubaltelli FF. Prediction of early tolerance to enteral feeding by measurement of superior mesenteric artery blood flow velocity: appropriateversus-small-for-gestational-age preterm infants. Acta Paediatr 2004; 93: 797-802.        [ Links ]

5. Chia, CY, Falcão, MC.Peculiaridades da circulação mesentérica em recém-nascidos e suas implicações em doenças gastrintestinais do período neonatal. Rev Paul Pediatr 2009; 27: 204-10.        [ Links ]

 

 

Correspondence:
Mário Cícero Falcão.
Rua Vieira de Moraes, 45, apto. 51.
CEP: 04617-010 São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
E-mail: mario.falcao@icr.usp.br

Recibido: 27-XII-2009.
Aceptado: 28-XII-2009.

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