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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Nutr. Hosp. vol.31 n.6 Madrid Jun. 2015

http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.6.8845 

ORIGINAL / Perspectivas

 

Association of eating behaviors and BMI among elementary school students from Mexico

Asociación de las conductas alimentarias con el imc en estudiantes de primaria de México

 

 

Samuel Munguía-Lizárraga, Montserrat Bacardí-Gascón, Ana Armendáriz-Anguiano and Arturo Jiménez-Cruz

Autonomous University of Baja California. Medical and Psychology School, México.

 


ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to analyze the association of cognitive restraint (CR), uncontrolled eating (UE), and emotional eating (EE) with body max index (BMI) among elementary schools children in Mexico. 5th and 6th grade students were recruited from two schools. Weight, height, and waist circumference were measured and BMI was calculated. Overweight and obese children were classified according to the World Health Organization's (WHO) BMI z-score. The TFEQ -R18 questionnaire was applied to assess behavioral patterns. Gender differences of UE and EE were observed. Private school children had higher scores of CR and UE. Children with CR were three times more likely to have abdominal obesity (AO) and children with OW or O were more likely to have UE. Children attending the private school and those with AO had higher CR scores; private school children, those with overweight or obesity and with AO had higher UE scores.

Key words: Eating behavior. Children. Obesity. Overweight. Abdominal obesity. Mexicans.


RESUMEN

El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la asociación de la restricción cognitiva (CR), el consumo incontrolado (UE) y el consumo emocional (EE) con el índice de masa corporal (IMC) entre alumnos de primaria en México. Se reclutaron estudiantes de quinto y sexto grado de dos escuelas. Se midieron el peso, la estatura y la circunferencia de cintura y se calculó el IMC. El sobrepeso (SP) y la Obesidad (OB) se clasificó de acuerdo al puntaje Z de IMC de la OMS. Se aplicó el cuestionario TFEQ -R18 para valorar los patrones de conducta. Se observaron diferencias de UE y de EE. Los niños de las escuelas privadas presentaron mayores puntajes de CR y UE. Los niños con CR presentaron tres veces más probabilidades de tener obesidad abdominal (OA) y los niños con SP u OB tenían más posibilidades de tener UE. Los niños que atendían escuelas privadas y los que tenían OB tenían mayores puntajes de CR; los niños de escuelas privadas, los que tenían OW u OB y OA tenían más puntaje en UE.

Palabras clave: Conductas alimentarias. Niños. Obesidad. Sobrepeso. Obesidad abdominal. Mexicanos.


 

 

http://scielo.isciii.es/pdf/nh/v31n6/59perspectiva01.pdf

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