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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Nutr. Hosp. vol.32 n.3 Madrid Sep. 2015

http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.3.9309 

ORIGINAL / Obesidad

 

Hypertriglyceridemic waist (EWET), glycidic and lipid profile in patients with newly diagnosed heart attack

Cintura hipertrigliceridémica (cht), perfil glicídico y lípidos en pacientes con nuevo diagnóstico de infarto

 

 

Veronica Lucas de Olivera Guattini1, Carla Haas Piovesan2, Estefânia Wittke3 and Aline Marcadenti1,4

1Postgraduate Studies Program in Cardiology, Instituto de Cardiologia/Fundação Universitária de Cardiologia do Rio Grande do Sul (IC/FUC), Porto Alegre, RS.
2Department of Nutrition, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, RS.
3Division of Cardiology, Nossa Senhora da Conceição Hospital, Porto Alegre, RS.
4Department of Nutrition, Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre (UFSCPA), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil).

 

 


ABSTRACT

Introduction: hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype (EWET) has been poorly tested in patients with established cardiovascular disease.
Objectives: to evaluate a possible association between EWET, glycidic and lipid profile in patients with newly diagnosed heart attack (HA).
Methods: cross-sectional study among 45 inpatients with myocardial infarction. Lipid profile (total cholesterol, HDL-c, LDL-c, serum triglycerides, TC/HDL-c ratio, non-HDL cholesterol) and glycidic profile (fasting glucose, serum insulin, glycated hemoglobin, HOMA-IR, glucose/insulin ratio) were obtained. Weight, height and waist circumferences (WC) were assessed; BMI and EWET were calculated. Analysis of Covariance Models (ANCOVA) was used to assess the objectives.
Results: mean age of participants was 58.75 ± 12.41 years and 55.6% (n = 25) were men. After adjustment for age, gender and BMI, EWET was significantly associated with lower HDL-c (p = 0.02), higher TC/HDL-c ratio (p = 0.003) and a trend toward fasting glucose (p = 0.11).
Conclusion: EWET phenotype seems to be associated with a worse lipidic profile in patients with newly diagnosed HA.

Key words: Hypertriglyceridemic waist. Myocardial infarction. Cholesterol. Cholesterol, HDL. Glucose metabolism disorders. Obesity.


RESUMEN

Introducción: el fenotipo de la cintura hipertrigliceridémica (CHT) ha sido poco estudiado en pacientes con enfermedad cardiovascular establecida.
Objetivos: evaluar la posible asociación entre el CHT, el perfil glicídico y los lípidos en pacientes con nuevo diagnóstico de infarto.
Métodos: estudio transversal en 45 pacientes con infarto de miocardio. Se obtuvieron los lípidos (colesterol total, HDL-c, LDL-c, triglicéridos séricos, relación CT/ HDL-c, colesterol no-HDL) y el perfil glicídico (glucosa, insulina sérica, hemoglobina glucosilada, HOMA-IR, relación glucosa/insulina). Fueron evaluados peso, talla y circunferencia de la cintura (CC); se calcularon el IMC y el CHT. Se utilizó el análisis de los modelos de covarianza (ANCOVA) para evaluar los objetivos.
Resultados: la media de edad de los participantes fue de 58,75 ± 12,41 años, y el 55,6% (n = 25) eran hombres. Tras ajustar por edad, sexo y el IMC, el CHT se asoció significativamente con una menor HDL-c (p = 0,02), mayor relación CT/HDL-c (p = 0,003) y una tendencia hacia la glucosa en ayunas (p = 0,11).
Conclusión: el fenotipo CHT parece estar asociado con un peor perfil lipídico en pacientes con diagnóstico reciente de infarto.

Palabras clave: Cintura hipertrigliceridémica. Infarto de miocardio. Colesterol. Colesterol, HDL. Trastornos del metabolismo de la glucosa. Obesidad.


 

 

http://scielo.isciii.es/pdf/nh/v32n3/05originalobesidad02.pdf

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