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versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108
Rev. esp. enferm. dig. vol.102 no.12 Madrid dic. 2010
PICTURES IN DIGESTIVE PATHOLOGY
Cat scratch colon. A new ethiopathogenic possibility
Colon en arañazo de gato: nueva aportación etiopatogénica
G. Payeras, R. Briz, R. Barranco, A. Calvache and P. Castro
Hospital Infanta Elena. Madrid, Spain
Our case describes an 80-year-old female who presented an asymptomatic lower intestinal bleeding after depositions without hemodynamic repercussion, rectal tenesmus or abdominal pain. She relates alternating constipation and diarrhea in the last twenty years without recent changes. Colonoscopy (done under sedation): Hemorrhoids grade III/IV. Pancolonic diverticulosis. In the cecum mucosa, numerous lineal erosions, 3 to 4 cm long, with inflammatory appearance were found. Ileocecal valve and the fifteen last centimeters of ileum displayed no pathological findings or traces of blood. Biopsies of colonic mucosa did not show any sign of inflammation.
There has been recently described a new endoscopy entity defined as "cat scratch colon". It is defined as the presence of linear mucosal breaks in the cecum and ascending colon, of variable length, brightly red colored, resembling a cat scratch (1) (Fig. 1). To date, very few cases have been reported. These lesions are usually superficial, involving only the mucosal layer (Fig. 2), and cause no clinical manifestations. Nevertheless, the lesions can sometimes be deeper and cases of pneumoperitoneum have been described (2).
The cause of these lesions is unclear. It has been suggested that they may be due to traumatic injury associated with compression, distension, stretching during endoscopy procedure, or to an excessive air insufflation during endoscopy (3), particularly if the elasticity of the colonic mucosa is decreased, as it is the case of the collagenous colitis (4). In our particular case, because of the presence of a large number of diverticula, air insufflation was negligible; the cecum was reached easily without having to perform traumatic maneuvers to the colonic mucosa. Moreover, biopsy did not show findings compatible with collagenous colitis. Because the patient was taken nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, we suggest that these drugs might be the cause of this endoscopic finding.
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