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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108

Rev. esp. enferm. dig. vol.104 n.2 Madrid Feb. 2012

http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1130-01082012000200007 

PICTURES IN DIGESTIVE PATHOLOGY

 

External and internal appearance of hepatorenal polycystic disease

Apariencia externa e interna de la poliquistosis hepatorrenal

 

 

Pilar Olivencia-Palomar, Susana Ávila-Nasi, Roberto González-Soler, Elena Castro and Leopoldo López Rosés

Department of Digestive Disease. Hospital Xeral-Calde. Lugo

 

 

Case report

A fifty four years old male was followed in nephrology clinic since 1999 for hepatorenal polycystic disease. The patient was referred for abdominal distension with postprandial fullness. Family history of hepatorenal polycystic disease in the father, grandmother and a paternal aunt.

On physical examination there was a globular abdomen, with multiple irregular masses, which imprint on the abdominal wall, and tenderness are hard and painless (Fig. 1). In additional studies, laboratory tests displayed normal renal and liver function.

 

 

We performed a CT scan that showed an important hepatomegaly, in which virtually the entire liver parenchyma was replaced by multiple images of rounded, hypodense, cystic appearance and different sizes, in conjunction with the polycystic disease, producing a significant mass effect on gastric cavity, the duodenal and intestinal loops, which were displaced towards the pelvic region. Both kidneys were enlarged with multiple bilateral cortical cysts of various sizes (Fig 2).

 

 

Discussion

Polycystic liver disease is inherited as an autosomal dominant disease and usually occurs in combination with polycystic kidney disease or cysts in other organs including the pancreas, spleen, ovaries, and, more rarely, the lung. The most common clinical manifestations include abdominal distention with palpable mass or masses, as in this patient, early satiety, and sometimes abdominal pain, jaundice, or dyspnea. There may be compression of the portal vein from the cysts, leading to portal hypertension and its complications (ascites, esophageal variceal bleeding, etc.) (1,2). The prognosis is determined by the hepatorenal polycystic kidney disease. In case of terminal renal failure, the double transplant is a treatment to be consider (3).

 

References

1. Pérez Flores R, Vega García-Luengos M, Figueruela López B, Hernández Rial M, Martín Eleno M, Villaamil Cabezudo R. Hepatorenal polycystic disease in adults. Nonsurgical alternative treatment. Rev Esp Enferm Dig 1990;78(6):392-3.         [ Links ]

2. Deschênes G. Hepatorenal autosomic recessive polycystic disease, a polyductine disease. Arch Pediatr 2002;9(9):1003.         [ Links ]

3. Chava SP, Singh B, Stangou A, Battula N, Bowles M, O'Grady J, et al. Simultaneous combined liver and kidney transplantation. A single center experience. Clin Transplant 2010;24(3):E62-8.         [ Links ]

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