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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108

Rev. esp. enferm. dig. vol.109 no.2 Madrid feb. 2017

http://dx.doi.org/10.17235/reed.2017.4494/2016 

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

 

Intramural gastric hematoma in the context of an acute pancreatitis

Hematoma gástrico intramural en el contexto de una pancreatitis aguda

 


Key words: Acute pancreatitis. Bleeding complications. Gastroduodenal intramural hematoma.

Palabras clave: Pancreatitis aguda. Complicaciones hemorrágicas. Hematoma intramural gastroduodenal.


 

Dear Editor,

We present the case of a 47-year-old man that was admitted to the Department of Digestive Diseases due to epigastric abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting over a three week period. Laboratory tests highlighted the presence of anemia (7 mg/dl) and elevated amylase (153 U/l), lipase (190 U/l), and PCR (100 mg/l). An abdominal ultrasound was performed in which gallstones were observed as well as a destructured pancreas with an adjacent large hyperdense collection. By means of an abdominal computerized tomography scan (CT) the presence of acute pancreatitis with necrosis at the level of the pancreatic head, peripancreatic collections, and a 12 cm hematoma at the level of the gastric wall were noted (Fig. 1). Conservative treatment was established with good clinical evolution. A follow-up CT two months later showed a decrease in the size of the hematoma.

 

 

Discussion

Intramural hematomas of the gastrointestinal tract are an infrequent pathology. The majority of them occur in the duodenal wall, and a gastric location is less common (1). The most usual etiology is via trauma although it can also be related with endoscopic procedures, ulcer disease, or coagulation disorders (2). Few cases have been described in relation to acute pancreatitis (2-4). In that context it can occur as a result of the irritative effect of pancreatic enzymes on the vascular structures, as well as the compression of pancreatic necrosis and peripancreatic collections over adjacent structures (4).

The management of these patients should be conservative in the absence of important active bleeding or other complications. Otherwise, vascular embolization by radiology is a safe and minimally invasive option, reserving surgery for selected cases (1).

 

Marta Cimavilla-Román, Raúl Torres-Yuste and María Antonia Vallecillo-Sande
Department of Digestive Diseases. Hospital Universitario Río Hortega.
Valladolid, Spain

 

References

1. Vivel Dhawan, Ahmed Mohamed, Richard N Fedorak. Gastric intrmural hematoma: Case report and literature review. Can J Gastroenterol 2009;23(1):19-22. DOI: 10.1155/2009/503129.         [ Links ]

2. Veloso N, Amaro P, Ferreira M, et al. Acute pancreatitis with a nontraumatic, intramural duodenal hematoma. Endoscopy 2013;45:E51-2. DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1325969.         [ Links ]

3. Khurana T, Shah A, Ali I, et al. Intramural duodenal hematoma with acute pancreatitis in a patient with an over pancreatic malignancy. ACG Case Rep J 2014;1(4):209-11.         [ Links ]

4. Chou ChT, Chen RCh, Yang AD. Gastris subserosal hematoma developing from focal pancreatitis: A case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci 2009;25:45-8. DOI: 10.1016/S1607-551X(09)70040-3.         [ Links ]