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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108

Rev. esp. enferm. dig. vol.110 n.12 Madrid Dec. 2018

http://dx.doi.org/10.17235/reed.2018.5762/2018 

SCIENTIFIC LETTERS

Meckel's diverticulitis: a laparoscopic approach

Rosa Martí-Fernández1  , Carlos León-Espinoza1  , Rocío Tonazzi-Zorrilla2 

1Departamentos de Cirugía General y Digestiva. Hospital Clínico Universitario Valencia. Valencia, Spain.

2Departamentos de Urología. Hospital Clínico Universitario Valencia. Valencia, Spain.

Key words: Diverticulitis; CT

Dear Editor,

Meckel's diverticulum is an infrequent malformation (2% of the population) and the most frequent complication is bleeding 1 followed by diverticulitis. This usually occurs with clinical signs and symptoms of acute appendicitis in adults 2,3. The diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion and is based on complementary tests in most cases (mainly CT).

Case report

We present the case of a 67-year-old male admitted to the Emergency Department due to a two-day history of abdominal pain, associated with fever. The blood tests showed elevation of inflammatory parameters and an abdominal-pelvic CT scan was performed, which identified a Meckel's diverticulitis (Fig. 1A). An urgent surgical intervention was performed due to the findings. An exploratory laparoscopy showed diffuse purulent peritonitis secondary to a perforated Meckel's diverticulitis. A resection of 10 cm of the ileum was performed, which included the diverticulum (Fig. 1B). The patient was sent home four days later without any postoperative complications. The pathological analysis showed a perforated Meckel's diverticulitis with ectopic gastric mucosa.

Fig. 1 A. The diverticulitis shown by CT. B. Intraoperative image. 

Discussion

Meckel's diverticulitis is a condition in which there are no therapeutic algorithms due to the low incidence. Urgent surgery is indicated, either by a laparoscopic or open approach, due to the risk of perforation. Neither the ideal surgical procedure (resection of the diverticulum, wedge resection or segmental intestinal resection) nor the optimal approach (laparotomy or laparoscopy) have been determined. In our experience, laparoscopy is a safe technique for the treatment of complications derived from a Meckel's diverticulum 1,2,3).

Bibliografía

1. Yu H, Song H, Cai J, et al. Laparoscopic treatment of hemorrhagic Meckel diverticulum after diagnosis with wireless capsule endoscopy and double-balloon enteroscopy. Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2017;109(4):315. DOI: 10.17235/reed.2017.4522/2016 [ Links ]

2. Sagar J, Kumar V, Shah DK. Meckel's diverticulum: a systematic review. J R Soc Med 2006;99(10):501-5. DOI: 10.1177/014107680609901011 [ Links ]

3. Malcom RJ, Iglesias IM, Smith-Singares E. Perforated giant Meckel diverticulitis in an elderly patient: case report and review of the literature. Int J Surg Case Rep 2018;43:45-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2018.01.023 [ Links ]

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