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Archivos de Zootecnia

On-line version ISSN 1885-4494Print version ISSN 0004-0592


LANDI, V. et al. Genetic characterization of South Spain boar. Arch. zootec. [online]. 2011, vol.60, n.231, pp.373-376. ISSN 1885-4494.

The wild boar, a cinegetic species of Iberian Peninsula, has numerous sub-populations ofSus scrofa mediterraneus. Doñana National Park is the most important biological reserves in Spain and the largest protected area with great ecological diversity, distributed on three basic types of ecosystems: sand dunes, beaches and marshes. Here live together a variety of species: mammals, birds, reptiles, fishes... and, among them, the wild boar. In order to determine the genetic diversity, also in comparison with other Spanish populations, we studied 25 microsatellite pigs markers and found genetic variation within and among populations by analysis of heterozygosity (0.53), number of alleles (5.60), deviation by HW equilibrium and Fis index (0.02).

Keywords : Sus scrofa; Biodiversity; Microsatellites.

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