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vol.61 issue2Evaluation of the lower urinary tract function in pediatric patients with primary vesicoureteral refluxReflux in cystoplasties author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Archivos Españoles de Urología (Ed. impresa)

Print version ISSN 0004-0614


GONZALEZ, Ricardo  and  LUDWIKOWSKI, Barbara M.. The treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children with myelomeningocele. Arch. Esp. Urol. [online]. 2008, vol.61, n.2, pp.208-212. ISSN 0004-0614.

Objectives: To perform a bibliographic review on the topic of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children with myelomeningocele. Methods: PubMed search using the terms: vesicoureteral reflux and myelomeningocele. Results: Between 1981 and 2007 340 articles were found, 61 of which were considered adequate, and 48 were used as references for this monographic issue. We discuss the pathogenesis of VUR in neurogenic bladder, the efficacy of conservative treatment with clean intermittent catheterization and anticholinergic drugs, as well as the indications and efficacy of various surgical procedures including ureteral reimplantation, subureteral injection of various agents, bladder augmentation, cutaneous vesicostomy, urethral dilation, transureteral-ureterostomy and botulin toxin injection. Conclusions: Vesicoureteral reflux plays an important role in the development of renal damage in infants and children with congenital myelomeningocele. Nephropathy may be prevented with adequate evaluation and follow-up and timely therapeutic intervention. Renal failure in these patients always reflects the failure of medical care or social/socioeconomic conditions.

Keywords : Vesicoureteral reflux; Myelomeningocele; Children.

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