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Archivos Españoles de Urología (Ed. impresa)

Print version ISSN 0004-0614


ESCALA, José M. et al. Varicocele in the adolescent: What is the best surgical option?. Arch. Esp. Urol. [online]. 2008, vol.61, n.6, pp.691-694. ISSN 0004-0614.

Objectives: To compare three different surgical approaches for the performance of varicocelectomy in the pediatric population, analyzing their effectiveness and secondary complications. Methods: Over an eight year period 90 varicocelectomies were performed in 89 children with a mean age of 12 years (range 8-16). Patients were divided into three groups, in 21 cases laparoscopic approach was performed (Group 1), in 55 the Palomo's retroperitoneal approach (Group 2) and inguinal approach in 14 cases (Group 3). Preoperative demographic characteristics, and intraoperative data, follow-up and complications were analyzed. Results: Age, indication and follow-up time were similar in all three groups. Average surgical time were 36 minutes,34 minutes and 30 minutes respectively. Recurrences appeared in one (4%), 5 (9%) and 0 patients respectively. Postoperative hydrocele requiring surgical treatment appeared in 2 (9%), 4 (7%) and 0 respectively, with an incidence of hydrocele of 2 cases (9%), 5 (9%) and 1 (7%) which resolved during follow-up. One patient presented bleeding at the site of trocar insertion which was solved intraoperatively, and another patient in the laparoscopy group had a wound infection. Conclusions: Comparisons between the three groups reveal that there were not significant differences, although the results were somewhat better in the inguinal approach group. Any technique has adequate results, with a total recurrence rate in our series of 6%, and 6% of hydroceles. The development of methods that will make possible to diminish hydrocele, such as lymphatic preservation, will give better general results.

Keywords : Varicocele; Laparoscopy; Hydrocele.

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