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Archivos Españoles de Urología (Ed. impresa)

Print version ISSN 0004-0614


CANSINO ALCAIDE, José Ramón et al. Prostatic specific antigen (PSA), pro-inflammatory cytokines, and prostatic pathology (Benign prostatic hyperplasia and cancer): Relationship with malignancy. Arch. Esp. Urol. [online]. 2009, vol.62, n.5, pp.359-366. ISSN 0004-0614.

Objectives: Cancer is a complex process in which cytokines play an important role. Cytokines are low-molecular weight soluble proteins involved in cellular transmission signals and several disorders. Pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1, TNF-a and IL-6) are involved in prostate cancer development. The aim of this study was to relate the expression (analyzed by Western blot and immuno-histochemistry) of several pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1, TNF-a and IL-6) with serum levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in normal (no pathological samples) as pathological samples (hyperplasia and cancer), in order to elucidate their possible role in tumor progression. We are also discussing the possible use of these cytokines as a potential therapeutic target. Methods: This study was carried out in 5 normal, 25 benign prostatic hyperplastic (BPH) and 17 prostate cancer (PC) human prostates. Immunohistochemical and Western blot analysis were performed. Serum levels of PSA were assayed by a PSA DPC immulite assays (Diagnostics Products Corporation, Los Angeles, CA) Results: In BPH, IL-1a, IL-6 and TNF-a were only expressed in patients with PSA serum levels of 0-4 ng/ml or 4-20 ng/ml, but not in the group >20 ng/ml. In PC these cytokines were only expressed in patients with PSA serum levels >4 ng/ml, although the expression of these cytokines was elevated when PSA levels were >20 ng/ml. Conclusions: In PC there might be an association between high expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1, TNFa and IL-6), elevated serum levels of PSA and cancer progression. A better understanding of the biologic mechanism of this association may improve the finding of new targets for therapy in these patients.

Keywords : TNFa; IL-1; IL-6; PSA; Prostate cancer.

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