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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


SUAREZ ARTACHO, G. et al. Adrenal gland hematoma due to rupture of myelolipoma: A case report. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2004, vol.28, n.10, pp.785-788. ISSN 0210-4806.

The myelolipoma is a benign tumour of the adrenal cortex, non functioning and normally asymptomatic, which can be diagnosed by chance in imaging test. Rupture and bleeding of the myelolipoma is an infrequent complication, which can conclude with the formation of a haematoma or, less usually, result in a massive retroperitoneal haemorrhage. The compression of adjacent structures by retroperitoneal haematomas with adrenal origin is a possible but not frequent eventuality.  Indications for surgery of haematoma retroperitoneal continue to be, nowadays, a difficult and controversial decision, because the problem is normally resolved with conservative treatment and a watchful approach. We are presented with a 69 year old male who came to casualty with abdominal pain of 7 days duration, whose origin coincided with a light blow. The image test revealed the existence of a retroperitoneal haematoma with adrenal gland origin of 16 cm, with active bleeding, which was displaced and compressed the cava vein. We have only found one case, in the literature, of compression of the cava vein coused by adrenal gland haematoma. In the case under our observation, urgent surgery was needed.

Keywords : Myelolipoma; Retroperitoneal hematoma; Adrenal gland.

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