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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


QUICIOS DORADO, C. et al. Treatment of female stress urinary incontinence with TVT system (tension-free vaginal tape): complications in our first 100 cases. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2005, vol.29, n.8, pp.750-756. ISSN 0210-4806.

Introduction: The TVT system is the most common surgical technique of female stress urinary incontinence, because of the simplicity, good clinical results and rare complications. Material and methods: From april, 1999 to march, 2004, it has been done in our department 100 TVT systems with the revision of the result over the six following months. The average follow-up rate was 10, 36 months (R: 1-54 months) and looses mean the 11% of the cases. All the patients presented stress incontinence and their average age was 56,6 years old (30-80). The 12% of the cases have been previously operated of urinary incontinence. 21 patients presented previous surgery of pelvic floor. In the 17% of the cases, TVT systems was associated to another surgical technique: 15% of them was operated of cystocele, 1% of them had surgical correction of rectocele, 1% of them had a strong surgery of pelvic floor, that included TVT system, correction of pelvic floor and hysterectomy. Results: We obtained 65% of successful cases, defined as objective confirmation of absence of looses from the observer and the subjective reference of the patient; 17% of clear improvement (clear decrease of looses from the patient and subjective improvement) and 7% of failure of the technique. The total percentage of appearance of novo post-surgery urgency is 9%. There were complications in the 12% of the cases: there were three cases of bladder perforation, two of them intra-operative and one of them deferred and associated to an infection of surgical wound; another three cases of residue in the immediate post-operative that were resolved with bladder catheterization; one case of acute urinary retention that was treated with bladder catheterization with suprapubic cistostomy; one case of chemical peritonitis corrected with a conservative treatment; two cases of vaginal extrusion of sling, which were resolved with the section of the outer sling; one patient presented a hipogastric hematoma resolved with conservative measures; and one patient presented pelvic discomfort with spontaneous resolution. Conclusions: We consider the TVT system as an effective surgical technique in the treatment of the female stress urinary incontinence. It is a simple technique with a short stay in the hospital and rare complications.

Keywords : Stress urinary incontinence; TVT.

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