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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


SERRANO DURBA, A. et al. Vesicoureteric reflux endoscopic treatment complications in childhood. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2006, vol.30, n.2, pp.170-174. ISSN 0210-4806.

Introduction: Nowadays, around 1% of children suffer from vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), which represents a risk factor for long-term kidney damage. In the last decade, development in this field has shown that subureteric endoscopic injection of bulking agents for childhood VUR is an acceptable alternative unlike long-term antibiotic prophylaxis and open surgery. Objective: To establish the complications of childhood VUR endoscopic treatment. Material and Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out for every patient treated endoscopically in our department from January 1999 to September 2003, with a total amount of 516 implants of submucous bulking agents. All patients were assessed with an ultrasound as a first diagnostic technique so as to establish the complications associated with it, especially ureteral obstruction and injected agent migration. Results: Out of 516 cases, Macroplastique® was used in 455, Deflux® in 44 and Polytef® in 17. 10 patients (1.9%) (5 girls/ 5 boys), with ages ranging from 15 months to 11,4 years, presented some kind of complications (Macroplastique® was used in 8 cases and Deflux® in 2). Among them, 5 were remarkable due to an ureterohydronefrosis, 2 of which needed a nephrostomy. 3 patients presented an implant migration, 1 epididymitis and 1 bladder edema. Conclusions: Endoscopic bulking agent injection has become a safe alternative to open surgery in childhood VUR management.

Keywords : Vesicoureteral reflux; Endoscopic treatment; Complications.

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