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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


ROMERO MAROTO, J. et al. TVA and TOA: New adjustable mesh for the treatment of female stress incontinence. Preliminaries resulted. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2006, vol.30, n.2, pp.186-194. ISSN 0210-4806.

Objectives: Evaluation of a new mesh for incontinence (TVA/TOA) which enables the degree of tension applied during surgery to be readjusted at the post-operative stage. Patients and Method: 62 patients treated with the TVA mesh and monitored over a 14-month period (SD 7.8, range 6-38). In 33 patients (53%) some other pelvic prolapse was corrected. Evaluation was carried out by clinical report, examination of bladder full of 250 saline solution, flowmetry and urinary residue. 40 patients filled in 4 quality of life questionnaires (QoL; ICIQ-SF; PGI-S; PGI-I). Results: 42 patients were found to be objectively continent in the post-operative evaluation. Of these, it was necessary to reduce tension in 7 cases (11%) due to urinary obstruction (flow<10 ml/sec and/or residue). The tension of the mesh was tightened in 20 patients (32%) due to continue with a certain degree of incontinence. All patients were discharged as continent and with no residue. In the last revision, 58 patients (93%) proved to be objectively continent and 4 (6.5%) showed a notable improvement in their incontinence. The QMAX is 19.8 ml/sec (SD 9.8). The mictional urgency had disappeared or improved in 32 of the patients who had this prior to operation (76%) and had appeared in 3 of the patients who didn’t (15%). The clinical report showed a high level of consensus with the ICIQ-SF survey (Kappa = 0.89) regarding stress incontinence, diminishing clearly (Kappa=0.13) when urge incontinence was taken into account. 34 (85%) patients scored over 95 out of 110 in the QoL. 30 (75%) scored less than 6 in ICIQ-SF. 32 (80%) showed a perception of normality and 4 (10%) slight illness in the PGI-S. In the PGI-I 29 (72.5%) were much better and 11 (27.5%) quite a lot better. A relation exists between urgency and dismissed quality of life. Conclusion: With the TVA (trans-vaginal adjustable) mesh it is possible to adjust the tension originally applied during surgery at the post-operative stage, so that any defects or excesses can be corrected.

Keywords : Urinary incontinence; Surgery; Adjustable sling; Questionnaire; Quality of life; Maxim flow.

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