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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


AMERI, C. et al. Solid renal mass up to 4 cm: Analysis of the diagnostic procedures, TNM staging and surgical treatment. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2006, vol.30, n.8, pp.772-783. ISSN 0210-4806.

Objectives: We perform a retrospective review of renal tumors operated with a maximum size of 4 cm to determine if the diagnostic methodology was adequate, the TMN staging prognostic accuracy (UICC 2002) and the goal surgical treatment. Material and method: Between 1984 to 2005, 78 renal units form 74 patients (4 bilateral synchronous) operated at the Service of Urology of the Hospital Alemán de Buenos Aires. Age distribution, sex, presentation form (incidental and symptomatic), diagnostic methodology, laboratory variables, surgical treatment (partial or radical surgery), histopathology, Fuhrman grade, tumor size, bilaterality, multicentricity, TNM staging, evolution and survival (Kaplan Meier) were analyzed. Results: 78 renal units from a total of 192, 40.62% were analyzed. The median age was 58.72 years. 69% were male and 31% female. The presentation form was 91.90 % incidental and symptomatic 8.10% (Hematuria in 5 and lung metastasis in 1). The diagnosis was performing with ultrasound and CT scan 63 cases, in 4 was also used resonance magnetic imaging (RMI) and in 7 ultrasound and RMI. Arteriography was used in 11 cases, 3 showed tumor and 8 were normal. Biopsy was performing in 5 cases, all positive for clear cells carcinoma. Globular sedimentation was the only one laboratory abnormality in 12 cases. Surgical treatment was radical surgery in 35 renal units (44.87%) and conservative surgery in 43 units (55.13%). Pathology clear cells carcinoma (CCC) 79.48%, papillary carcinoma 1.28%, angiomyolipoma (AML) 8.97%, oncocytoma 7.69% and adenoma 2.56%. The Fuhrman grade was 1 in 76.19%; 2 in 20.63% and 3 in 3.18%. Bilateral tumor were found in 4 cases 2 CCC, 1 CCC and AML and 1 CCC and adenoma. Tumor median size was 2.93 cm. Staging was T1a 96.82%, T3a 1.59% and T3aM+ 1.59%. Follow-up could be made in 54 of 61cases. At median follow-up of 52.25 months, 50 cases were disease free, 3 died by progression at 18, 33 and 82 months and all of them were symptomatic tumors, 1 died by a non related cause. Survival rate was 94%. Conclusions: 1) Ultrasound and CT scan obtained a highest diagnostic accuracy for solid renal mass. Biopsy in selective cases could contribute to achieve a correct treatment strategy. 2) Conservative surgery was the goal treatment in selected tumors up to 4 cm. and we believe that TNM staging should contemplate the presentation form to improve the prognostic value.

Keywords : Renal tumor; Incidental tumor; Renal cancer surgery; Diagnosis; Staging.

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