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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


DOMINGUEZ HINAREJOS, C. et al. Intratesticular calcifications in childhood. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2007, vol.31, n.1, pp.33-37. ISSN 0210-4806.

Introduction: Testicular microlithiasis (TM) represents an uncommon occurrence at paediatrics with a radiological incidence between 0.16 to 0.6% according to reports. The greater use of ultrasound as well as the availability of high-frequency probes has increased the number of incidental TM being diagnosed. Material and Method: From january 1998 to october 2002 seven children, aged 9 to 13 years (average 11 years and 1 months), were diagnosed of MT in our department. Sonographic appearance was hyperechogenic multiple small foci of 1-3 mm without acoustic shadowing of the testicular parenchyma. AIM: To evaluate sonographic patterns of TM, their associations, clinical consequences and to determine their management. Results: All children were asymptomatic and the reasons for the ultrasound were: cryptorchism (3), short height (1), gynecomastia (1), varicocele (1) and scrotum trauma (1). It should be noted that 3 of the cases showed bilateral TM. Out of 10 testicles with TM, 8 met classic testicular microlithiasis (CTM) criteria (at least one image that showed five or more microliths in either or both testes) and 2 had limited testicular microlithiasis (LTM) (to have at least one microlith). Clinical and radiological follow-up is being performed annually, ranging from 18 months to 6 years, during which there hasn’t been progression or regression in the number of TM or in their distribution. In none of these cases there has been shown a related testicular cancer. Conclusions: In other broad reviews it has been shown that there is no evidence to suggest that the TM have to be considered as premalignant lesions by themselves. However, the association among TM and cancer exists. Because of that, and due to the lack of consensus, we recommend annual clinical and radiological (ultrasound) follow-up until puberty, and thereafter the patient should be informed of unknown natural history of this condition. We do not recommend more invasive procedures such as biopsy except: 1) apart form the TM there is a change in the echogenicity or 2) if there is a change in the number or distribution of the TM.

Keywords : Calcification; Testicular; Childhood.

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