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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


MARTIN-MORALES, A.  and  PROYECTO ESTIMA et al. Development and psychometric validation of a new screening questionnaire for erectil dysfunction (SQUED Questionnaire). Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2007, vol.31, n.2, pp.106-112. ISSN 0210-4806.

Background: It is necessary to have simple tools to screen erectile dysfunction (ED) in an easy, reliable and valid manner. The objective of this study was to develop and validate a short diagnostic questionnaire for erectile dysfunction (SQUED), easy to use in the primary care setting. Subjects and method: The development of SQUED included: concepts identification, item generation and evaluation of contents and face validity through interviews with subjects to assess comprehension and idiomatic adequacy. The psychometric validation was conducted in an epidemiologic, observational, comparative and multicenter study. Participants should complete the questionnaire in primary care setting and send to the specialist to confirm the diagnosis by an in depth interview and the application of IIEF questionnaire. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability and sensitivity and specificity of SQUED was evaluated. Results: Out of 405 subjects enrolled, 316 (208 ED and 108 non-ED) were evaluable. The SQUED questionnaire showed a high internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.92) and a good test-retest reliability (Kappa index = 0.77). Furthermore, the questionnaire showed a good diagnostic capacity with high values of sensitivity and specificity, 0.87 and 0.78, respectively, in relation to the diagnosis made by urologists. The cutting point was established at a score of 12. Discussion: The SQUED questionnaire is a simple, easy to use and reliable instrument. It can become a useful tool, and the shortest validated, for primary care physicians to easily screen for ED patients. Its simplicity should facilitate an easy cultural adaptation and validation into other languages.

Keywords : Erectile dysfunction; SQUED questionnaire; Validation; Primary care setting.

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