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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


RAMOS DE CAMPOS, M. et al. Use of urography by magnetic resonance for the study of the urinary apparatus versus conventional urography. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2007, vol.31, n.3, pp.253-261. ISSN 0210-4806.

Conventional urography (IVU) is an essential examination for the assessment of urinary tract but it is not free of complications, such as adverse reactions to contrast agents used (vasovagal and anaphylactic reactions), neurotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, as well as the damage due to the ionizing irradiation applied to the patient. For this reason, alternative imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance (MR) urography or uro-resonance have been developed. Objective: We present a case study assessing the diagnostic accuracy, specificity and sensitivity of uro-resonance and IVU as a morphological and functional examination of the urinary tract; and a quality study of the urographic images obtained with MR versus IVU. Materials and methods: 150 patients have submited to a MR study, 63 of them with an IVU study already performed, acquiring high-intensity signals at T2 corresponding to abdominal and retroperitoneal fluid, initially using furosemide at low doses and, in a final study, administering gadolinium at a rate of 0.1 mg/Kg. The test was indicated in patients with antecedents of adverse reactions to iodine contrast, acute or chronic kidney failure, functional cancellation of the kidneys, pregnant patients and those in paediatric age. The capacity of diagnosis of urinary obstruction and the aetiology of this obstruction of both tests was studied, as well as the quality of the images obtained by the urographic study using MR. Results: High resolution images were obtained of all the upper urinary tracts using MR, especially in the renal pelvis, without artefacts caused by peristalsis or intestinal fluid interposition. In 83.3% of cases, examinations revealed urological pathology. The diagnostic accuracy of the involvement cause of the urinary tract was 83.3%, with a sensitivity of 89.6%, a specificity of 69.2%, a positive predictive value of 86.6% and a negative predictive value of 75%. Conclusion: MR urography is a high sensitive technique for the study of urinary tract, used as an alternative to conventional urography particularly in cases of the contraindication of ionizing radiation or allergy to the contrast agent, as well as in patients with renal failure, and offers a wider morphological and functional study, with a high image quality, able to displace conventional examinations in the short or medium term.

Keywords : Magnetic Resonance Urography; Intravenous Urography; Urinary Tract.

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