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Actas Urológicas Españolas

versión impresa ISSN 0210-4806


DE GRACIA, R. et al. Orthotopic renal transplant. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2007, vol.31, n.10, pp.1123-1128. ISSN 0210-4806.

Orthotopic renal transplant(ORT) is useful in cases of severe atherosclerosis, heterotopic bilateral transplant, unsuitable pelvic vessels and in aortic thrombosis, but it is not available in all the institutions and it is only realized of exceptional form. Aim: To review the indication, surgical technique and outcome of the ORT at our hospital. Material and methods: The studied included five cases between January 1990 and December 2005. We analyzed several variables: demographic characteristics, characteristics of the donor, ischemia times, evolution of renal function and morbi-mortality associated. Results: Left ORT was performed in three men and two women. Mean patient age was 52±5 years, all the patients received kidneys from cadaveric donors. Mean creatinine and urea one month postoperative were 2,2±0,72mg/dl and 103±17,2mg/dl and at 6 months postoperative were 1,8±0,59mg/dl and 78±14mg/dl respectively. Immediately all patients received prophylaxis with low molecular weight heparin but it was indicated antiaggregation to two patients when they left the hospital, anticoagulation to two patients and to one of them was decided to anticoagulation nor antiagregation for history of bled digestive. A patient died for bleeding episode at level of the renal graft six months after the transplant, she was in treatment with dicumarinics, they were indicated by venous deep thrombosis in right leg. The survival a year is 80 % of the graft and the patient. Only two patients returned to hospital later, one of them for presenting an episode of diverticulitis and the other one for renal obstructive failure that needed laying of catheter pig-tail. Four patients presented stenosis of renal native vassels detected in control magnetic nuclear resonance, not symptomatic. There are two patients who take more than three years transplanted with renal stable function (creatinina 1,3mg/dl and 1,4mg/dl respectively). Conclusion: ORT is an excellent option in patients with co-morbidity increased for atherosclerosis and that cannot be placed in the iliac fossaes.

Palabras clave : Orthotopic renal transplant; Atherosclerosis; Stenosis; Bleeding.

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