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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


PLANELLES GOMEZ, J. et al. Value of transrectal FNA in the diagnosis of prostate cancer in elderly patients. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2008, vol.32, n.5, pp.485-491. ISSN 0210-4806.

Objectives: To identify if there is a group elderly patients with clinical suspicion of prostate cancer in which pathological confirmation may be unnecessary, and if prostatic transrectal fine needle aspiration (FNA) may be a useful diagnostic tool for old patients Material and methods: A total of 72 patients aged 75 - 93 years were evaluated by means of prostatic transrectal FNA. Antibiotic prophylaxis, analgesia or cessation of anticoagulant therapy were not necessary. Results: In 35 patients (48.6%) cytological diagnosis was positive for prostatic adenocarcinoma, whereas in 37 cytology was negative for cancer. In 100% of patients with PSA > 30 ng/ml or with PSA > 20 ng/ml and suspicious digital rectal examination FNA results were positive for cancer. 4.1% minor and 1.3% major (acute prostatitis) complications after FNA were observed Conclusions: In male patients older than 75 years with PSA > 30 ng/ml or with PSA > 20 ng/ml and suspicious digital rectal examination, histological confirmation of carcinoma by prostatic biopsy may be not necessary, because of the high probability of a positive result. When histological confirmation of prostatic carcinoma is required in elderly patients, transrectal prostatic FNA is a valid alternative to transrectal biopsy, due to its excellent tolerance and low complication rate.

Keywords : Prostatic carcinoma; Elderly patients; FNA; Biopsy; PSA.

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