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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


MEDINA LOPEZ, Rafael A. et al. Prognostic factors in renal cell carcinoma. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.5, pp.575-583. ISSN 0210-4806.

Renal cancer has been increasingly diagnosed in recent decades. In addition, morphological diversity of renal neoplasms has led to consider that the concept of renal cell (RC) carcinoma encompasses a wide variety of conditions. The recently publshed EROCARE-4 study showed a 5-year overall survival rate of 59.2%. In this and any other neoplastic disease, determination of adequate prognostic factors would help decide the most appropriate therapeutic strategy in each case, guide future treatments, and develop specific follow-up schemes for our patients. The diferent prognostic factors for RC may currently be classified into four groups: anatomical, clinical, histological and molecular. This paper analyzes these prognostic factors and reviews the nomograms most commonly used.

Keywords : Renal cell carcinoma; Prognostic factors; Survival rates.

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