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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


RODRIGUEZ-RUBIO CORTADELLAS, Federico I. et al. Prolonged hypogonadism after cessation of androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.7, pp.747-754. ISSN 0210-4806.

Objectives: To study the levels of LH, testosterone and PSA after suspending prolonged treatment with LH-RH analogs. Materials and Method: Hormonal evolution was studied in 29 patients from whom treatment had been withdrawn. The patients had previously been receiving treatment with LH-RH analog for more than one year, and with LH< 2 mUI/mL and testosterone <2.8 ng/mL. LH, testosterone and PSA were determined monthly, together with clinical assessment. The treatment was re-initiated and the period of monitoring ended before the presence of clinical progression and/or PSA ≥ 10 ng/mL. The cohort was described and survival was calculated using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression. Results: The mean period of time without treatment for the series was 35 months (CI 95%, 15.7-54.2 months). Prolonged hypogonadism (> 24 months) was presented by 17% of the patients. The recovery of the LH-T-PSA axis, when it occurred, followed the expected sequence. The variables that influenced the period of recovery of the PSA were the PSA pretreatment and the association of an antiandrogen. Conclusions: After withdrawing the prolonged treatment with LH-RH analogs, most of the patients recovered the levels of LH-T-PSA, although a subgroup remained hypogonadic for more than 24 months.

Keywords : prostate cancer; intermittent androgen supression; testosterone; prostate-specific antigen; prospective studies.

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