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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


BENEDITO DE CASTRO, E. et al. Impact of sacrospinous vaginal vault suspension on the anterior compartment. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.1, pp.106-110. ISSN 0210-4806.

Objectives: a prospective study was conducted to assess the efficacy of sacrospinous vaginal vault fixation and its impact on the anterior compartment. The Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) system was used to quantify pelvic organ prolapse in the apical and anterior vaginal compartments. Methods: fifty-eight patients underwent a procedure to correct apical prolapse from March 2003 to February 2006. Mean preoperative and postoperative POP-Q scores were respectively: Aa (+0.74; -1.45); Ba (+3.17; -1.36); C (+3.41; -7.71) (p<0.001). Results: cure rate was 93.1%. Preoperative and postoperative evaluation of the anterior vaginal compartment was respectively: stage 1 (5.2%; 48.3%), stage 2 (6.9%; 34.5%), stage 3 (74.1%; 5.2%), and stage 4 (13.8%; 0%). De novo cystocele occurred in 87.9% of cases. An improvement was seen in lower urinary tract symptoms of urgency, nocturia, and urge incontinence. Conclusions: sacrospinous vaginal vault suspension is effective for the treatment of apical prolapse and leads to formation of cystocele in most cases.

Keywords : Sacrospinous vaginal vault suspension; Lower urinary tract symptoms; POP-Q; Cystocele.

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