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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


LOPEZ CUBILLANA, P. et al. Hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy in challenging cases. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.2, pp.186-188. ISSN 0210-4806.

Objective: To assess the outcome of hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy in patients with significant complicating clinical factors. Methods: A retrospective assessment was made of 100 laparoscopic nephrectomies performed at a single hospital from 2001 to 2005. Patients with a history of prior abdominal surgery, prior procedures on the involved kidney, evidence of perirenal inflammation, renal lesions 10 cm or more in diameter, or level I renal vein thrombosis were enrolled. Results: Twelve patients were enrolled. Of these, 5 had a lesion at least 10 cm in diameter, 2 had renal vein thrombosis, and 5 reported major abdominal surgery. Most patients had more than one of these findings. Three patients showed inflammatory conditions (staghorn calculi) and a T4 renal tumor was successfully treated without conversion to open surgery. Mean operating time and blood loss were 210 minutes and 310 ml respectively, while mean length of hospital stay was 3 days. No patient required conversion to open surgery. Conclusions: Hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy is an attractive minimally invasive option for technically challenging tumors and has reasonable operating times, blood losses, and complication rates.

Keywords : Nephrectomy; Renal tumor; Hand-assisted laparoscopy.

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