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Medicina Intensiva

versão impressa ISSN 0210-5691


HERAS, A. et al. Intermediate care units: Health care consequences in a reference hospital. Med. Intensiva [online]. 2007, vol.31, n.7, pp.353-360. ISSN 0210-5691.

Introduction. Intermediate Care Units are forms to provide health care services to potentially critical patients that allow for improved cost-benefit ratio of the care offered by Intensive Medicine Departments. Objective. Analyze heart care repercussion that the permanent opening of this type of unit had in a reference teaching center. Design. Prospective. Period. From the beginning of 2003 to the end of 2005. Scope. Intensive Medicine Department (IMD), with teaching accreditation, which has 15 conventional ICU beds and 4 intermediate care beds. Patients and methods. Analysis of demographic data (gender and age, type of patient, and origin or admission), of severity (SAPS 2), prognosis (MPM II 0 and SAPS2) and health care burden (NEMS) in 3,392 consecutive admissions to IMD. Specific analysis of the stay and mortality (intra- and post ICU). Results. Permanent opening of an intermediate care unit is associated with an increase of patients seen by the IMD and makes it possible to clearly identify two different types of patients according to the site linked to the cause of the admission. The patients seen in the Intermediate Care Unit have a shorter stay, less seriousness, greater survival prognosis and less care burden. However, the initiation of this service does not decrease the interval of total mortality (intra + post- ICU). Conclusion. Initiating an intermediate care unit depending on an IMD increases its health care capacity and that of the center it gives service to without affecting global mortality.

Palavras-chave : Intermediate Care Unit; mortality; health care activity; seriousness; prognosis.

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