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Medicina Intensiva

versão impressa ISSN 0210-5691


GARCIA-VICENTE, E.; CAMPOS-NOGUE, A.  e  GOBERNADO SERRANO, M.M.. Echocardiography in the Intensive Care Unit. Med. Intensiva [online]. 2008, vol.32, n.5, pp.236-247. ISSN 0210-5691.

The echocardiography can provide important and relevant information and the critically ill patient presents a challenge for the echocardiographer: from limitations in image acquisition to interpretation in the context of rapid physiological and intervention changes. The most frequent reason for requesting an echocardiogram in the ICU is probably to assess left ventricular function. In any case, information of direct relevance for clinical management can in relationship to abnormalities of structure and function can be obtained and used to estimate pulmonary arterial and venous pressures. It can help to investigate the consequences of myocardial ischemia, valvular dysfunction and pericardial disease and detect changes characteristic of specific conditions (e.g. sepsis, pulmonary thromboembolism), although this must be interpreted in the context of each individual patient. The echocardiography also can be used to monitor the therapeutic interventions. The applications of echocardiography in the critical care setting are reviewed, with special emphasis on the assessment of cardiac physiology.

Palavras-chave : echocardiography; Intensive Care; cardiovascular physiology.

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