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Medicina Intensiva

versión impresa ISSN 0210-5691


ESCUDERO AUGUSTO, D.; MARQUES ALVAREZ, L.  y  TABOADA COSTA, F.. Up-date in spontaneous cerebral hemorrhage. Med. Intensiva [online]. 2008, vol.32, n.6, pp.282-295. ISSN 0210-5691.

Non-aneurismatic spontaneous cerebral hemorrhage or intracranial hemorrhage accounts for 10-15% of total cerebral vascular accidents. Depending on its site it can may be intraparenchymal or intraventricular. The most frequent location is in the basal ganglia and its predominant etiology is poorly-controlled arterial hypertension. In Spain, the incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage is estimated to be 15 cases per 100,000 population/ year, this being more frequent in males over 55 years old. Intracranial hemorrhage is less frequent than ischemic stroke, but has higher mortality and morbidity, it being one of the first causes of severe disability. Cerebral hemorrhage is not a monophasic phenomenon which abates immediately, because the hematoma continues to increase in the first 24 hours. Due to this reason and because of their characteristics of the disease itself, these are critical patients who must be admitted in to Intensive Care Unit where hemodynamic and cardiorespiratory control should be made as well as strict monitoring of the awareness level and remaining neuromonitoring standard parameters. In this paper, we review some aspects of the epidemiology, physiopathology, clinical presentation, diagnosis and the different therapeutic options, performing an up-date on the treatment of intracranial hemorrhage from both the medical and surgical point of view.

Palabras clave : spontaneous cerebral hemorrhage; intracranial hemorrhage; intraventricular hemorrhage; cerebrovascular disorders; intracranial hypertension; decompressive craniectomy.

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