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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 2340-2733Print version ISSN 0211-5735


ESCUDERO NAFS, Antonio; POLO USAOLA, Cristina; LOPEZ GIRONES, Marisa  and  AGUILAR REDO, Lola. The coercive persuasion, an explanatory model of the stay of women in a situation of gender-based violence: I: Violence strategies. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2005, n.95, pp.85-117. ISSN 2340-2733.

In this research we investigated the conditions that influence in the prolongation or permanence of the women who are victims of violence in the relation with the abuser. We designed a qualitative study based on the analysis of group discussions with these women. The "Grounded Theory" for the analysis of the data was used. Different models proposed in Literature are reviewed: application of the concept of masochism in the woman, the learned helplessness, "syndrome of Stockholm", the "cycle of the violence" or the coercive persuasion. Only both last models offered a coherent explanation to the set of the different subjects that emerged in the groups of the study. The model that we developed establishes that in the gender violence a defined series of strategies of coercive persuasion takes place. The purpose of these strategies is to perpetuate the control of the abuser. So the coercive persuasion generates a progressive state of emotional confusion, distortions of thoughts and paralysis that make difficult that the woman can leave the relation.

Keywords : gender-based violence; coercive persuasion; brainwashing; violence strategies.

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