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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 2340-2733Print version ISSN 0211-5735


BENITO RUIZ, Adolfo et al. The resilience factors in traumatic situations: Analysis after the terrorist assault in a sample of patients in the Mental Health Services of Alcalá de Henares. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.3, pp.375-391. ISSN 2340-2733.

Introduction: The 11th of March bomb attack in Madrid suponed a challenge for the madrilenian health sistem, due to the great number of affected and victims. This demand was specifically visible in the Mental Health Services of Alcalá de Henares, that by his geographic situation it had to do in front of great number of affected. The aim of this study is to know 2,5 years after the attacks the factors that the patients consider more have helped for overcoming this traumatic situation (resilience factors). Material and Method: The sample was conformed for the patients that went to the Mental Health Services with a reason for consultation in relation to the terrorist attack, of legal age with a period of inclusion of 3 months and a half after the attacks. The final sample was conformed by 104 patients which was contacted by phone between the months of February and March of 2007 so tha they responded to 5 questions between it was regarding the resilience factors. The answers were transcribed literally and afterwards was elaborated a series of labels or categories that included all the answers. Results: 78 of the 104 patients of the sample were contacted of whom 76 acceded to answer. The resilience factor more mentioned was the sociofamiliar factor followed of the treatment factor and thirdly the individual response to the trauma and the own characteristics of the individual, other resilience factors were mentioned to a lesser extend. Conclusions: Our findings emphasizes the importance of the sociofamiliar factors as the factors of greater utility for the readjustment after a traumatic experience, as the majority of the studies agrees. It is remarkable that the variables associated with the treatment although are the second factor of valued resilience more mentioned only was mentioned by ten patients of the sample, which seems to indicate a greater importance of sociofamiliar support for overcoming a traumatic experience and a smaller utility for the patients of this sample of the sanitary treatment and of other factors of resilience.

Keywords : Resilience; Terrorist Assault; Stress Disorders (Post-Traumatic).

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