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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 2340-2733Print version ISSN 0211-5735


SANZ RODRIGUEZ, Luis Javier; BLANCO MARTOS, Ana Isabel; GAMO MEDINA, Emilio  and  GARCIA LABORDA, Ana. Food habits in patients attended in a mental health service. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2011, vol.31, n.1, pp.43-52. ISSN 2340-2733.

This work aims to study nourishment habits of adult population who consults in a Mental Health Service, as well as establish relations among food habits and clinical and demographic variables and the satisfaction level to the own nourishing pattern, weight and body image. For it we used a observation design with a sample of 175 patients (being 39,7 % new cases) that consult in the Mental Health Center of Parla between February and June 2009, being 29,1 % males and 70,9 % women. We used a heteroapplied proctocol for data collection. The grouped distribution of diagnoses was: 25,7 % affective disorders, 18,9 % neurotic disorders, 28,6 % adaptative disorders, 8% personality disorders, 9,1 % psychotic disorders, 4 % eating disorders and 5,7 % remaining other diagnoses. The variety of food turned out to be incomplete (average of plates in the food: 1,83, S.D.: 0,66; average of plates in the dinner: 1,44, S.D.: 0,64). We found a significant and positive correlation (p < 0,01) in the preference of certain food (vegetables, fruit, vegetables, fish, on the one hand; and noodles, meat, cold cuts, for other one). The average CMI was 25,48 (D.T.: 4,93). We found significant differences ((χ2:31,94; p=0,004) as for the satisfaction with the own image depending on the diagnosis, being the eating disorders the most unsatisfied group (71,4% slightly satisfied), followed by personality disorders (64,3 %) and neurotic disorders (42,4 %). We conclude that exist deficiencies in the organization, quantity and quality of the food habits of the patients, so it would be necessary to give more attention for its improvement.

Keywords : food habits; population; diet.

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