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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 2340-2733Print version ISSN 0211-5735


DIEZ PATRICIO, Antonio. On Interpretation (II): situation and context. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2013, vol.33, n.118, pp.323-342. ISSN 2340-2733.

The present study aims to establish a model for interpreting behaviour. The interpretation consists in the assignation of meaning, in other words the attribution of motives and intentions for an action. The first part sets out the fundamentals of a theory of action; this second puts forward a theory of interpretation. To this end, the notion of situation and context are taken as starting points. Situation models are useful for the interpretation of behaviour in general, while context models are more specific to verbal conduct (discourse). The notion of the encyclopaedia or knowledge of the world is fundamental in both models. Situation models set out the theory of mental schemas (frames, scripts, themes etc.). In context models, where context is understood as the mental representation of discursive interaction, the elements that usually make up the contexts are described (discourse theme, participants, social situation etc.), the selection of which is determined by the principle of relevance. Lastly, certain forms of contextual inference are explained.

Keywords : mental model; mental schema; context; relevance.

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