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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 2340-2733Print version ISSN 0211-5735


CARMONA FERNANDEZ, Cristina  and  ARTIGAS PALLARES, Josep. Tourette's disorder in history. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2016, vol.36, n.130, pp.347-362. ISSN 2340-2733.

The term Tourette's disorder emerged in the field of psychiatry with the appearance of the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) in 1980. However, the fact that some diagnostic criteria were agreed by the expert group responsible for the development of this version of the DSM diagnostic criteria does not mean that multiple references to the symptoms of the disorder did not previously exist. The aim of this review is to collect contributions from the history of neurology and psychiatry which allow us to understand how the operating concept of Tourette's disorder has been progressively shaped as it is currently accepted by the scientific community. In the last decade, thanks to studies of genome association, major advances have arisen in identifying common variants and rare variants involved in the etiology of Tourette's disorder. The most important conclusion of this review is the disclosure of the crisis of the Kraepelinian categorical model of the disorder.

Keywords : Tourette's syndrome; Tourette's disorder; Gilles de la Tourette's disease; Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM); tics; ICD (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems).

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