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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 2340-2733Print version ISSN 0211-5735


LEAL RUBIO, José. Care as the basis of an inclusive citizenship. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2018, vol.38, n.134, pp.587-606.  Epub Feb 01, 2021. ISSN 2340-2733.

The biological immaturity of human beings at birth demands, for their survival and development, that someone takes care of them and makes possible the passage from puppy of the species to psychic subject, i. e., social. This occurs in a network of links within a community that offers support. Failures in this process generate various experiences of helplessness that predispose to a fragility that emerges when the necessary supports to cope with adversity fail. These situations of lack impact on the subject, exposing him to intense suffering and to the risk of being separated from his community and of not enjoying his citizenship rights. Their stories convey the idea of a subject left out in the open and their manifestations can be described as a clinic of helplessness. When this happens, it is urgent to provide experiences of care based on an attentive treatment and on the recovery of their citizenship rights.

Keywords : vulnerability; care; citizenship; helplessness; ethics.

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