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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 2340-2733Print version ISSN 0211-5735


CAPITAN LLAMAS, Marina  and  ARTIGUE GOMEZ, Jordi. Research study and identification of risk factors in childhood: a retrospective study through the LISMEN questionnaire. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2020, vol.40, n.137, pp.93-108.  Epub Dec 28, 2020. ISSN 2340-2733.

Attachment relationships and upbringing during childhood condition emotional development and incidences of mental disorders or lack thereof. Some adverse experiences in childhood are considered general health risk factors and mental health risk factors in particular. Said adversities are known to be reflected in the physiological system and to provoke epigenetic changes in the DNA. A retrospective study was conducted in a sample of 29 patients who had been diagnosed with severe mental disorders during adulthood. The majority of them were male, and their average age was 25.2 years old. Risk factors found at higher rates were: mother's depression and/or stress during pregnancy, early and prolonged separations of care figures, and emotionally absent fathers. These adversities affect the processes of attachment and relationships within the family. We conclude that these kinds of studies are necessary, starting in childhood, to detect and prevent alterations in attachment relationships that will cause emotional and physiological changes that will condition the person's mental health.

Keywords : risk factors; psychosis; attachment; childhood.

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