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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 2340-2733Print version ISSN 0211-5735


GARCIA ARROYO, José Manuel. The mirror stage and psychopathology. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2023, vol.43, n.143, pp.161-178.  Epub July 31, 2023. ISSN 2340-2733.

In this paper, we show how Lacan adds a third element to the experience with the images that appear in the mirror: the holder of the symbolic order. This involves adding the effects of the word to the already given phenomena, allowing thus to review and correct them. This event gets to redirect the most sinister aspects of the mirror. In this sense, the great Other consolidates achieved identifications, placates aggression and builds the ego ideal. Starting from these Lacanian findings, it has been possible to study certain aspects of psychopathology in a whole new light, showing how there are specific points on which symptoms settle. Similarly, psychopathology can confirm aspects of the mirror stage as formulated by Lacan. We then discover that the most serious diseases appear when one does not get to form the image, or this unit is threatened, specular recognition fails, or, especially, when symbolic mediation decays. Any of these possibilities might produce disorders in humans.

Keywords : mirror stage; other; aggressiveness; ego ideal; psychopathology; Jacques Lacan.

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