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Nefrología (Madrid)

versión On-line ISSN 1989-2284versión impresa ISSN 0211-6995


LOPEZ-GOMEZ, Juan M. et al. Evolution of the darbepoetin alpha resistance index in patients on dialysis who change from weekly to fortnightly treatments in clinical practice. Nefrología (Madr.) [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.1, pp.64-72. ISSN 1989-2284.

Background: Darbepoetin alfa (DA) administered every-other-week (Q2W) is efficacious and safe for the treatment of anaemia in patients undergoing dialysis. There are no data available regarding the evolution of erythropoietic resistance index (ERI) after conversion from weekly (QW) to Q2W administration of DA in clinical practice. Material and methods: Multicenter, observational, retrospective, 16-weeks study, which included stable patients undergoing dialysis who were converted from DA QW to DA Q2W in clinical practice. Conversion was done according to product specifications (duplicating QW dose). The ERI to DA was calculated by dividing the weekly DA dose per kilogram of weight (µg/*200 by the Hb level (g/dL). ERI evolution with time was evaluated by multivariate repeated measures ANOVA, adjusting for significant covariates. Results: A total of 202 patients were included (137 patients undergoing haemodialysis [HD], intravenous (IV) DA, and 65 patients receiving peritoneal dialysis [PD], subcutaneous DA). Mean (SD) age was 66 (17) years; 61% of patients were men. Large intercentre variability was observed for the ERI at conversion time (coefficient of variation of 88%, p <0.001 for differences between centres). In the univariate analysis, predictor factors for high baseline ERI were low albumin level (r = -0.29; p =0.001), HD (mean ERI of 9.3 [8.4] vs 6.8 [4.6] for PD; p = 0.005), or previous cardiovascular disease (9.9 [8.7] vs 7.4 [6.3] for patients without history; p =0.025). During the follow up, the ERI was slightly increased in HD patients (9.3 [8.4] at conversion vs 11.1 [7.3] at 16 weeks; p <0.05), and remained stable in PD patients (6.8 [4.6] vs 6.7 [4.0], respectively; NS). In the multivariate analysis, there were no significant differences in ERI during the 16 weeks post-conversion after adjusting for albumin levels and centre (adjusted baseline mean [95% CI] of 10.0 [8.7-11.4] vs 10.5 [9.3-11.8] at 16 weeks, adjusted change of +0.5 [-0.67; 1.67] ; NS). After 16 weeks, only 7 patients (3.5%) had discontinued Q2W administration. Conclusions: Extension from weekly to once every-other-week darbepoetin alfa allows to simplify anaemia treatment without increasing the resistance index, regardless of dialysis type. The multivariate analysis shows that, after adjusting by center and inflammation/nutritional status, there were no changes in the response to darbepoetin alfa during the first 16 weeks after conversion in clinical practice.

Palabras clave : Anaemia; Darbepoetin alfa; Administration frequency; Haemoglobin; Peritoneal dialysis.

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