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Nefrología (Madrid)

On-line version ISSN 1989-2284Print version ISSN 0211-6995


QUORI, A. et al. Surveillance for infections and other adverse events in dialysis patients in southern Gran Canaria. Nefrología (Madr.) [online]. 2011, vol.31, n.4, pp.457-463. ISSN 1989-2284.

Background: Bacterial infections pose a great challenge to risk management activities in the area of chronic haemodialysis, as vascular access related infections are the main cause of mortality among these patients. Methods: Prospective surveillance study lasting 7 months (March-September, 2008) at the two haemodialysis units in a district health area in Gran Canaria, Spain. We have used methodology proposed by CDC´s Dialysis Surveillance Network. Results: 1545 patientsmonth were enrolled, 60,5% having an arterio-venous fistula (AVF), 35,5% permanent catheter (PC), 3,0% graft and 1,0% temporary catheters. Events incidence rate at both centers was 8,6 cases per 100 patients-month, 9,1 rate for FAV and 2,9 rates for CP, So, the greatest incidence of vascular access related infections was for permanent catheter as compared with AFV. Nevertheless the other type of infections (respiratory, urinary tract, skin and chronic ulcers) showed a similar rate. Microbiological cultures before antibiotic treatment were performed in 82,2 %, but increased up to 91,0% when a vascular related infection was suspected. Empiric treatment was adjusted to antibiogram results in 90,0% of occasions. A low incidence of multirresistant microbes was seen. Gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria appeared in a similar proportion. Conclusions: Vascular access is the main risk factor for infectious events. Epidemiological surveillance has allowed us to detect areas of improvement in different settings, appearing as a key element in the risk management and patient safety areas.

Keywords : Dialysis; Surveillance; Nosocomial infection; Vascular access; Patient safety.

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