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Nefrología (Madrid)

versión On-line ISSN 1989-2284versión impresa ISSN 0211-6995


GARCIA-AGUDO, Rebeca; AOUFI-RABIH, Sami; BARRIL-CUADRADO, Guillermina  y  GRUPO DE VIRUS EN DIALISIS DE LA SOCIEDAD ESPANOLA DE NEFROLOGIA. SHECTS multi-centre Spanish study: liver situation of patients with chronic hepatitis from HCV on renal replacement therapy with haemodialysis. Nefrología (Madr.) [online]. 2013, vol.33, n.2, pp.188-195. ISSN 1989-2284.

Introduction: Chronic hepatitis C in dialysis patients is higher than in the general population. The SHECTS study has the goal of analysing the level of examination and follow-up of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections on haemodialysis, and to determine the current prevalence of these patients. Method: A national, multicentre, cohort study carried out between September 2010 and September 2011. We sent a data collection folder to all Spanish haemodialysis units to include information regarding each centre and the nephrological/hepatological situation of their HCV-positive patients. Results: A total of 187 haemodialysis units (71 hospital-based) participated in the study. The global prevalence of HCV was estimated at 5.6%. The most common cause of chronic kidney disease was glomerular (25%); of the 72.1% of patients who had undergone a renal biopsy, 23.2% had glomerulonephritis that could have been associated with HCV. Genotyping had not been carried out in 64%, liver ultrasound had not been applied in 61.3%, and liver biopsies were not performed in 87.7%. One-third of all patients received care from a gastroenterologist. Antiviral treatment was administered to 26.6% of patients, with a sustained viral response in 35.3% and suspension of treatment in 67.4%. Conclusion: The prevalence of HCV in patients on haemodialysis in Spain has decreased considerably in the last decade to the point of reaching similar rates to those of neighbouring countries. These patients receive incomplete analyses of liver condition, and individuals who receive antiviral treatment and untreated patients constitute a large proportion, despite having low viral loads and being candidates for kidney transplants.

Palabras clave : Hepatitis C; Haemodialysis; Chronic kidney disease.

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