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Nefrología (Madrid)

On-line version ISSN 1989-2284Print version ISSN 0211-6995


MARTINEZ-CASTELAO, Alberto et al. Consensus document for the detection and management of chronic kidney disease. Nefrología (Madr.) [online]. 2014, vol.34, n.2, pp.243-262. ISSN 1989-2284.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem that, in its different stages, may affect up to 10% of the Spanish population and results in high morbidity and mortality, as well as high consumption of National Health System resources. Ten scientific societies involved in the management of kidney patients agreed to update the 2007 CKD consensus document. The current version is an abridged edition of the detailed general document, which can be consulted on the webpages of each signatory society. It includes the following aspects: CKD definition, epidemiology and risk factors and criteria on diagnosis, assessment and staging of CKD, albuminuria and glomerular filtration estimation. Progression factors and concept. Criteria for referral to Nephrology. Patient follow-up, attitudes and objectives by specialty. Prevention of nephrotoxicity. Detection of cardiovascular damage. Attitudes, lifestyle and treatment: management of high blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, hyperglycaemia, smoking, obesity, hyperuricaemia, anaemia and mineral and bone metabolism disorders. Coordinated follow-up by Primary Care - other specialties - Nephrology. Management of renal replacement therapy, haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and renal transplantation patients. Palliative treatment of terminal uraemia. We hope that this document will be very useful in the multidisciplinary management of CKD patients, in view of the updated recommendations.

Keywords : Chronic kidney disease; Consensus document; Chronic kidney disease stages; Chronic kidney disease detection; Albuminuria; Proteinuria; Glomerular filtration rate; Urinary albumin/creatinin ratio.

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