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Nefrología (Madrid)

versão On-line ISSN 1989-2284versão impressa ISSN 0211-6995


PORTOLES-PEREZ, José et al. Recommendations for vaccination against pneumococcus in patients with kidney patients in Spain. Nefrología (Madr.) [online]. 2014, vol.34, n.5, pp.545-551. ISSN 1989-2284.

Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is a serious problem in some risk groups: patients with stage 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease, stage 3 CKD undergoing immunosuppressive treatment, nephrotic syndrome or diabetes. These individuals are more susceptible to infections and more prone to suffering more severe and worsening symptoms. Vaccination is one of the strategies for preventing IPD, although vaccination coverage in this group at present is lower than desired. Currently, there are two vaccinations for adults. The polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23), used for decades in patients over the age of 2, includes most serotypes (23), but it does not generate immune memory, causing the immune tolerance phenomenon and it does not act on nasopharyngeal colonisation. The conjugate vaccine (VNC13) can be used from infancy until adulthood (advice in patients over 18 years old received approval from the European Medicines Agency in July 2013) and generates a more powerful immune response than PPSV23 against the majority of the 13 serotypes that it includes. The 16 scientific societies most directly associated with the groups at risk of IPD have discussed and drafted a series of vaccination recommendations based on scientific evidence related to pneumococcal vaccination in adults with underlying conditions and pathologies, which are the subject of the document "Consensus: Pneumococcal vaccination in adults with underlying pathology". This text sets out the vaccination recommendations for the chronic kidney disease population.

Palavras-chave : Vaccination; Pneumococo; Consensus documents; Chronic kidney disease; Renal transplantation.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )


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