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Nefrología (Madrid)

On-line version ISSN 1989-2284Print version ISSN 0211-6995


CARAVACA-FONTAN, Fernando; GONZALES-CANDIA, Boris; LUNA, Enrique  and  CARAVACA, Francisco. Relative importance of the determinants of serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D in patients with chronic kidney disease. Nefrología (Madr.) [online]. 2016, vol.36, n.5, pp.510-516. ISSN 1989-2284.


The cause of vitamin D deficiency in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is probably multi-factorial; however, the relative importance of each potential determinant is uncertain.


To determine factors associated with serum levels of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) and their relative importance in a cohort of pre-dialysis CKD patients.

Material and methods:

Incident patients admitted to a CKD outpatient clinic were included. Those who were receiving vitamin D supplements or anticonvulsants were excluded. In addition to demographic and clinical data, information about outdoor physical activity, season of blood collection, prescription of statins, anti-angiotensin drugs and xanthine-oxidase inhibitors were included as potential determinants. Johnson's relative weights analysis was used to estimate the relative importance of each potential determinant and the results were expressed as percentage contribution to multiple R.


The study group consisted of 397 patients, 30 of whom were excluded. The mean serum level of 25OHD was 13.7 ± 7.4 ng/ml, and 81% of patients had serum levels lower than 20 ng/ml. By multiple linear regression and relative weights analyses, the best determinants of low serum 25OHD levels and their relative importance were: higher proteinuria (28.5%), old age (21.4%), low physical activity (19.4%), female gender (19.3%) and low serum bicarbonate levels (11.4%).


Proteinuria and age are the determinants with the highest relative importance for predicting 25OHD levels in CKD patients.

Keywords : 25-hydroxy vitamin D; Chronic kidney disease; Proteinuria.

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