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Nefrología (Madrid)

On-line version ISSN 1989-2284Print version ISSN 0211-6995


MONFA, Elena et al. A high sodium intake reduces antiproteinuric response to renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade in kidney transplant recipients. Nefrología (Madr.) [online]. 2016, vol.36, n.5, pp.545-551. ISSN 1989-2284.


Post-transplant proteinuria is associated with lower graft and patient survival. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockers are used to reduce proteinuria and improve renal outcome. Although it is known that a high salt intake blunts the antiproteinuric effect of ACEI and ARB drugs in non-transplant patients, this effect has not been studied in kidney transplant recipients.


To analyse the relationship between sodium intake and the antiproteinuric effect of ACEI/ARB drugs in kidney transplant recipients.


We selected 103 kidney transplant recipients receiving ACEI/ARB drugs for more than 6 months due to proteinuria >1 g/day. Proteinuria was analysed at baseline and at 6 months after starting ACEI/ARB treatment. Salt intake was estimated by urinary sodium to creatinine ratio (uNa/Cr).


Proteinuria fell to less than 1 g/day in 46 patients (44.7%). High uNa/Cr was associated with a smaller proteinuria decrease (r = −0.251, P = .011). The percentage proteinuria reduction was significantly lower in patients in the highest uNa/Cr tertile [63.9% (IQR 47.1%), 60.1% (IQR 55.4%), 38.9% (IQR 85.5%), P = .047]. High uNa/Cr independently relates (OR 2.406 per 100 mEq/g, 95% CI: 1.008-5.745, P = .048) to an antiproteinuric response < 50% after renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade.


A high salt intake results in a smaller proteinuria decrease in kidney transplant recipients with proteinuria treated with ACEI/ARB drugs.

Keywords : Angiotensin; Angiotensin II receptor blocker; Angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor; Proteinuria; Renin; Kidney transplantation.

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