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On-line version ISSN 2340-7948Print version ISSN 0211-9536


BLOM, Ida. "How to have healthy children": Responses to the falling birth rate in Norway, c. 1900-1940. Dynamis [online]. 2008, vol.28, pp.151-174. ISSN 2340-7948.

This paper focuses on initiatives to improve infant health, as they developed in Norway especially during the interwar period. Falling birth rates were felt as a menace to the survival of the nation and specific initiatives were taken to oppose it. But crises engendered by the reduction in fertility strengthened opportunities for introducing policies to help the fewer children born survive and grow up to become healthy citizens. Legislation supporting mothers started in 1892 increased in the interwar years including economic features. Healthy mother and baby stations and hygienic clinics, aimed at controlling births were developed by voluntary organisations inspired from France and England respectively. A sterilization law (1934) paralleled some German policies.

Keywords : Mother health; infant health; health stations; sterilization; Norway.

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