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On-line version ISSN 2340-7948Print version ISSN 0211-9536


RODRIGUEZ NOZAL, Raúl  and  GONZALEZ BUENO, Antonio. The social catholic doctrine in the industrializing process of Francoist Spain: the case of the Alter pharmaceutical group. Dynamis [online]. 2015, vol.35, n.2, pp.433-457. ISSN 2340-7948.

Alter Laboratories and the group of companies developed by Juan José Alonso Grijalba (1894-1962) under Franco’s regime held the Catholic social doctrine as the foundation of his business. This pharmacist was a strong advocate and propagandist of these ideas. In this paper, we outline the biography of this entrepreneur, describe his ideological principles, and analyze how these theories were implemented in the Alter Laboratories in their economic, cultural-recreational, and moral-religious dimensions. The business approach revealed by the writings of Juan José Alonso is a «patriarchal patronage»; his goal appears to have been the conversion of Alter into a "factory convent" with the programmatic foundations of Catholic humanism, in which the employer assumes a clearly despotic role and the intervention of workers is reduced to accepting the standards and perks offered by the employer.

Keywords : Francoist Spain; pharmaceutical industry; Catholic social doctrine; Juan José Alonso Grijalba; Alter Laboratories.

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