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versión On-line ISSN 2340-7948versión impresa ISSN 0211-9536


MOULIN, Anne Marie. The Pasteur Institutes of Maghreb: divided memories, transversal history. Dynamis [online]. 2016, vol.36, n.2, pp.341-362. ISSN 2340-7948.

The choice of the expression «History of the Maghreb Pasteur institutes» is suggestive of a post-colonial approach and raises questions about the shared future of those centres. The author offers a comparative view of the past of the Institutes in Tunis, Algiers and Casablanca, relying on recent research in social sciences and the development of oral history. The Institutes were created separately at different times but more or less followed a single model linking research, production, and teaching. Fighting infectious diseases was part of the colonial heritage, but it was above all the promise of modernisation linked to participation in the Pastorian Revolution that explains why the three Institutes never discontinued their activities in the three Southern Mediterranean capitals. At the turn of the 21th century, the Pasteur Institutes of the Maghreb, in common with the mother Institute in Paris, were faced by new challenges in a changing political and epidemiological context. The International Pasteur Institutes Network was formally established in 2003. What is the future of the Maghreb Institutes? Will they form a separate entity? And what links will they create with the rest of the world, especially the Arab World? These questions are both scientific and political.

Palabras clave : Pasteur institutes of the Maghreb; 19-20th centuries; network; scientific memory; global health.

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