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versión On-line ISSN 2340-7948versión impresa ISSN 0211-9536


GARCIA FERRANDIS, Xavier  y  MARTINEZ VIDAL, Àlvar. Rafael Vilar Fiol (1885-1971) and the attempt to found a dental school in Valencia before the Civil War. Dynamis [online]. 2016, vol.36, n.2, pp.467-489. ISSN 2340-7948.

During the first third of the 20th century, the dental profession in Spain was disputed by several groups of healthcare professionals, including surgery practitioners and dental technicians. The most intense conflict was between dentists and stomatologists. In the case of Valencia, this struggle became apparent in the attempt to create a dental school during the first Spanish Republican period. This project was supported by the Faculty of Medicine and by the local authorities but was not implemented due to the special interests of practicing dentists and the School of Dentistry in the Central University of Madrid. The institutionalization of dentistry in Valencia was limited to the teaching of an isolated subject in the Faculty of Medicine, preventing the adoption of a university model that would have encouraged the consolidation of the dental profession in all its aspects, not solely in terms of improvements in dental care. Opposition to the project was largely based on a campaign to discredit its main promoter, Rafael Fiol Vilar (1885-1971). This Valencian doctor and dentist is virtually unknown by historians, but he had an excellent academic background and an extraordinary international projection for that time. He may have been ignored because of his exile after the Spanish Civil War and the failure of his project for the University of Valencia.

Palabras clave : Dental education; stomatology; Valencia; Madrid; Rafael Vilar Fiol.

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