SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.18 número3La enseñanza de la nutrición en las facultades de Medicina: situación actualComplicaciones de la nutrición enteral domiciliaria: Resultados de un estudio multicéntrico índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados




Links relacionados


Nutrición Hospitalaria

versão On-line ISSN 1699-5198versão impressa ISSN 0212-1611


GRAU, T. et al. Randomized study of two different fat emulsions in total parenteral nutrition of malnourished surgical patients: effect on infectious morbidity and mortality. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2003, vol.18, n.3, pp.159-166. ISSN 1699-5198.

Goal: Lipid infusions of a physical mixture of medium- chain triglycerides and long-chain triglycerides (MCT/LCT) used in peri-operative total parenteral nutrition (TPN) have a lower immunosuppressive effect in laboratory studies than emulsions containing only longchain triglycerides (LCT). The purpose of the present study was to compare the incidence of nosocomial infections and the in-hospital mortality of severely undernourished surgical patients treated with TPN using an MCT/LCT lipid emulsion or with an LCT mixture, administered under a randomized, double blind protocol. Patients and methods: A total of 72 severely undernourished patients subjected to planned or emergency laparotomy were prospectively recruited and stratified by the presence or absence of cancer, on admission to the departments of General Surgery and Intensive Care Medicine at a teaching hospital. The main outcome was the incidence of intra-hospital nosocomial infection and the secondary outcome was mortality. Results: The patients in the study group (MCT/LCT) and the control group (LCT) shared similar characteristics. The patients in the MCT/LCT group had a significantly lower incidence of intra- abdominal abscesses (2/26) than those in the LCT group (10/31) (p < 0.05; RR 0.18; CI 95%; 0.03-0.89). There were no significant differences in the incidence of other infections. Nor was there a difference between the two groups in terms of the intrahospital mortality (4/26 versus 11/31). In the stratified analysis, patients without cancer treated with MCT/LCT presented significantly fewer intra-abdominal abscesses (2/14) than those with LCT (5/8) (p < 0.05; RR 0.1; CI 95%; 0.01-0.79) and a significantly lower mortality (2/14 versus 5/8; p < 0.05; RR 0.1; CI 95%; 0.01-0.79). Conclusions: Lipid infusions of MCT/LCT used in perioperative TPN protect severely undernourished sur- gical patients against the onset of intra-abdominal abscesses when compared with LCT infusions. Patients without cancer may obtain more benefit from the use of these mixtures.

Palavras-chave : LCT; Lipid emulsions; Malnutrition; MCT/LCT; Surgery.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )


Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons